Professor Xu Lianggao
Birth Place and Date:
Heshan County, Anhui Province; March, 1966.
1982—1986, Bachelor’s Degree with outstanding performance,
Department of Archaeology, Peking University.
1991， appointed as Assistant Research Fellow of Institute of
1997， appointed as Associate Research Fellow of Institute of
2004， appointed as Research Fellow of Institute of Archaeology CASS, and Professor of the post-graduated school, CASS
1982—1986， participating in the excavation of the Qucun site of Jin
Kingdom (about 1000-700BC) in Shanxi Province and
Jinnansi site of Shang Dynasty (about 1600-1300BC) in
1986， formally employed by the Institute of Archaeology, CASS
1986—1988， excavating and researching on the capital city site of
Shang Dynasty (about 1600BC) in Yanshi County, Henan Province. Also, participating in the unearth works of the imperial courts relic of Shang Dynasty and tombs of Han and Tang dynasties.
1990—1996， participating in the national project of excavating and
preserving of the capital site of Chou Dynasty (about
1100- 700BC) in Fenghao, Shaanxi Province.
1996—1999， appointed as the director of the archaeological team,
continuing excavation and research on the Fenghao site.
Starting in 1996, also presiding over the excavation of another capital site of Chou Dynasty (about 1200-700BC) in Chouyuan, Shaanxi Province.
undertaking the research project of “The Origin of
the Ancient Chinese Civilization” sponsored by the Youth Research Foundation of Social Sciences. Providing new findings about ancient Chinese history and new research approaches which all could be found in my book “Ancestry Worship—An Approach to the Origin of Chinese Civilization”.
1997—2000 presiding a sub-project(“ chronological research on
Fenghao Site”) of the national key research program of
“ The Xia-Shang-Chou Dynastic Chronology Project”.
Have achieved breakthrough in the definition of the date of the event of“King Wu defeat King Zhou of Shang Dynasty” and in the study of the culture developments in the early years of Chou Dynasty, which won high attentions from the domestic academia and abroad.
1, “Ancestry Worship – an approach to the origin of Chinese civilization”, published by the Publishing House of Social Science and literature, 1999, and awarded the Second Session Husheng Youth Academic Prize, 2000 ;
2, “On the Ornament of the Men and Animal on the Bronzes of Shang-Chou Dynasties”, Archaeology, NO.5, 1991;
3, “An Analysis of the Nature of Cultural Elements and a Study of the Shang Cultural Sphere of Ritual Bronzes”, Selected Papers of International Symposium on the Shang Civilization of China, Encyclopaedia Publishing House of China, 1998;
4, “The Relationship between Ancient Chinese Character and Primitive Religion”, Yijianji(《一劍集》),Chinese Women’s Publishing House ,1996;
5, “The Tradition of Non-Worshipping-Idol in Ancient China: Discoveries from the Sculptures of Shang-Chou Dynasties”, Seeking Truth in the Field of Archaeology( 《考古求知集》), the Social sciences Publishing House of China, 1996;
6, “Bone, Teeth and Horn Instruments of Ancient Chinese”, Relic and Museum（《文博》）, No.1, 1994;
7, “On State Xing（邢國），Xing in Feng （豐邢） and Xing in Zheng（鄭邢）”, Sandai Civilization（《三代文明研究》）, No.1, the Scientific Publishing House, 1999;
8, “The Discoveries and Significance of Excavation Work in Fenghao site on 1996”, Guangming Daily, Feb.20, 1998;
9, “Study on the Settlement of Xia-Shang-Chou Dynasties”, Yuanwangji(《遠望集》),the Artistic Publishing House of Shaanxi Province, 1998;
10, “An Archaeological Exploration of Pre-Dynastic Chou Culture”, Acta Archaeologica Sinica（《考古學報》）, No.3, 2000;
11, “Report on the Relic of Bone-instruments Making Workshop in Fenghao Site, Shaanxi Province”, Archaeology（《考古》）, No.11, 1992;
12, “Excavation in Fenghao Site: 1992”, Archaeology, No.11, 1994;
13, “Excavation in Fenghao Site: 1997”, Acta Archaeologica Sinica（《考古學報》）, No.2, 2000;
14, “Yijianji(《一劍集》)”,co-author, published by Chinese Women’s Publishing House, 1996.
15, “Preliminary Research on the Western Chou Building Foundations in Yuntang Village, Fufeng County, Shaanxi Province”, Archaeology, No 11, 2002.
16, “On the Nature of Zhougongmiao Site”, Ancient Civilizations Review, Volume 37, June 2008.
17, “On Several Conceptions in Debate about Chinese Early Civilization”, Cultural Relics of Central China, Volume 125, No.2, 2006.